Welcome to South America! A land teeming with wonderful pure landscapes, a spread of various cultures, and an abundance of distinctive wildlife. From the traditional Incan metropolis of Machu Picchu perched atop misty peaks to the world’s largest rainforest, South America is a treasure trove of world wonders. So sit again, buckle up, and prepare for an exciting journey as we dive into some fascinating details about South America
Interesting and Fun Facts About South America
South America is the fourth largest continent with a land space of 17,814,000 sq km (6,878,000 sq miles). It takes up taking on one-eighth of the Earth within the southern portion of the Western Hemisphere.
There are additional marvels equivalent to Galapagos Islands, breathtaking Iguazu Falls plus the South Sandwich islands off its coast making this locale really inviting for nature lovers. south america dates
From the majestic Andes to the depths of the Amazon Rainforest, that is one vacation spot that by no means fails to amaze you! Unearth these details about South America and its geographical wonders, vibrant civilizations, and quirky traditions as we delve into the whole lot it has to supply.
1. The Name South America
While Christopher Columbus was the primary to sail to the New World from Europe, the Americas have been really named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci who later explored the brand new continents between 1499 and 1502. He was the primary to recommend that North and South America have been their very own continents and not a part of the East Indies. Hence, he was given the distinction of getting practically a complete hemisphere named after him. Not dangerous!
2. South America is High
South America is a excessive continent with loads of tall issues. It has the best capital on this planet. La Paz in Bolivia has an elevation of three,650m (11,975 toes).
In Venezuela, you’ll discover the best waterfall on this planet – Angel Falls has a cascade of 979 meters (3211 toes)!
Lake Titicaca is the best navigable lake on this planet sitting at an altitude of three,800 meters (12,500 toes). It is the most important lake in South America and Lake Titicaca is likely one of the continent’s hottest vacationer points of interest.
Mount Aconcagua is the Highest Mountain In The Western Hemisphere. Reaching a towering peak of 6,959 meters (22,841 toes) above sea degree, Mount Aconcagua can also be the tallest mountain exterior Asia’s Himalayas.
This legendary peak is positioned within the Andes Mountains of Argentina. It will not be as excessive as Mount Everest, however it’s really 2,072 meters (6797 toes) additional away from the earth’s core than Everest.
What does that really imply? Well, it’s up for debate as to what’s really the best mountain on Earth. Another enjoyable factor so as to add to your South American details is that the Andes are the longest chain of mountains on this planet.
3. Amazon River: The Second Longest River on Earth
The Amazon River, which begins in Peru and travels via Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, and Brazil is the second-longest river on this planet after the Nile.
It stretches a powerful 6,400 km (3,977 miles) and varieties a lifeline for quite a few animal species discovered solely right here on Earth. Its basin homes over 1100 tributaries accounting for about one-fifth of all international river move, making it a key a part of our planet’s ecosystem. The mighty Amazon enjoys this important profit from its principal supply – the unimaginable Amazon River!
Speaking of the Amazon, the Amazon River Basin is the most important watershed on this planet occupying practically all of northern South America with an space of seven,000,000 sq. km (2,700,000 sq miles).
And here’s a very cool undeniable fact that I simply discovered whereas researching this publish, one other river flows 4km below the Amazon. The Hamza River lies beneath the earth and is a serious drainage system of the Amazon basin.
Read extra in regards to the Amazon
4. Atacama Desert: The Driest Place on Earth
The Atacama Desert is the driest place on Earth. Just as a result of it’s arid and dry, doesn’t imply it isn’t stunning. In truth, the Atacama Desert is a shocking space stuffed with life and coloration extending greater than 1,000 km alongside Chile’s Pacific coast.
Not seeing rain in some locations for hundreds of years has made it the right area to research climates, go star gazing, and learn the way residing organisms address intense circumstances.
What makes this location outstanding is that although its setting will be harsh, there are nonetheless many plant and animal species thriving there. An spectacular demonstration of nature’s resilience all through our world!
5. Cultural Diversity in South American Countries
The marvelous South American continent holds a wealthy and various cultural heritage made up of indigenous tribes, totally different languages, in addition to religion practices, and religions.
Close to 300 languages are spoken all through the area whereas quite a few Indigenous People have stored their distinctive cultures and customs.
However, Christianity remains to be prevalent on the South American continent as a consequence of European colonization’s previous affect.
6. Over 300 Languages Spoken
Let’s discover. The language and identities of the folks make up such an fascinating a part of our world!
The South American continent is residence to greater than 300 indigenous languages spoken each day. Spanish and Portuguese are the official languages in most international locations.
The 9 Spanish talking international locations in South America embody Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Uraguay
Brazil is the one nation the place the official language is Portuguese however there are Portuguese audio system in Uraguay, Paraguay, and Venezuela.
The Indigenous People of the South American Continent converse the Indigenous languages of Quechua, Aymara, and Guarani.
7. Indigenous People and Their Cultures
The Indigenous People of South America have held their distinct cultures for hundreds of years, and embody the Guaycuru, Kaiwá, Lengua, Atacama, Lule Vilela, Tapiete Araona Guarayo Quechua, and Mapuche Peoples.
The continent’s assorted spiritual tapestry at the moment displays its in depth cultural background, mixing conventional beliefs with components from Christianity.
8. Predominance of Christianity
In South America, the primary faith is Christianity with roughly 57% of residents being Roman Catholic and 19% Protestant. This excessive fee will be attributed to Europeans colonizing and bringing alongside missionaries that aimed toward changing indigenous populations into adopting Christian values.
9. Remarkable Civilizations and Historical Events
South America has seen outstanding civilizations all through its lengthy historical past, just like the Inca Empire and the Norte Chico civilization that thrived within the third century BC. It can also be residence to different historical cultures equivalent to Paracas, Nazca, Tiwanaku, and Wari, which have left an plain affect on at the moment’s tradition on that continent.
With Christopher Columbus’ arrival in 1492 got here the colonization of Latin American international locations (together with South America and Central America). But Latin America has fortunately stored its cultural legacy. Let’s delve a bit extra into these historical civilizations.
10. Inca Empire and Other Ancient Civilizations
The Inca Empire, which flourished within the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, was a extremely superior civilization that unfold throughout what’s now Colombia to Chile. Its spectacular agricultural skills, grand buildings, and well-structured society are nonetheless awe-inspiring at the moment for archaeologists and historians alike.
Just a few different pre-Columbian civilizations have additionally made necessary contributions to South American tradition – Norte Chico created its personal distinctive type of paintings, Paracas perfected distinctive textiles, and Nazca left behind fascinating geoglyphs in Peru’s desert sands. Tiwanaku had developed monumental structure with gorgeous artworks inside it whereas Wari organized complicated buying and selling networks linking faraway lands collectively.
11. European Colonization and Independence Movements
Beginning within the late fifteenth century, European colonization of South America by Portugal and Spain, together with the Dutch, British, and French was instrumental in reshaping its political and cultural dynamics. This included exploiting indigenous populations via slavery and pressured labor practices.
Eventually figures equivalent to Simon Bolivar advocated for independence from overseas powers – a trigger that led to quite a few liberation actions throughout the continent forming at the moment’s trendy South American international locations.
12. Notable Wars and Conflicts
The convoluted historical past of South America has been closely impacted by various wars and conflicts, with some being much more noteworthy than others. Examples embody the War of the Pacific between Chile, Bolivia, and Peru, which occurred from 1879 to 1883 and was fought over the dear mineral deposits of the Atacama Desert.
The Chaco War happened between 1932-1935 between Paraguay and Bolivia. As nicely as 1982’s Falkland Islands Conflict pitting Argentina in opposition to Britain. These struggles together with quite a few border quarrels or native scuffles have helped body the political setting on this area whereas they try for peace in spite of everything is claimed and carried out.
13. Unique Wildlife and Biodiversity
The South American continent has lengthy been famend for its wonderful wildlife. Its numerous ecosystems such because the Amazon Rainforest, Andean area, and river present residence to numerous plant and animal species that may’t be seen wherever else on Earth.
A distinguished instance of this biodiversity is the spectacularly elusive Amazon River Dolphin – often known as “Pink Dolphins”. South American habitats are a haven for endangered creatures just like the majestic Andean condor. Providing us with an unimaginable window into what Mother Nature gives our world by way of range!
The rainforests notably provide some beautiful selection when it comes all the way down to animals. From Jaguars prowling via these lands and Torres del Paine, you’ll discover many desirable critters which thrive right here too together with sloths amongst a lot extra extraordinary life varieties discovered nowhere however inside South America itself!
14. The Galapagos Inspired Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
The Galapagos has one of the vital distinctive ecosystems on Earth the place you’ll discover lots of the area’s distinctive wildlife. When Charles Darwin set foot on the Galapagos Islands in 1835 throughout his voyage aboard the HMS Beagle, little did he know it will change the world of science endlessly.
This distant volcanic archipelago, perched in the midst of the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Ecuador in South America, supplied Darwin with the right pure laboratory. He was fascinated by the distinct species he encountered, particularly the finches. Read extra Unique Galapagos Islands Animals in Photos
Over time, Darwin pieced collectively the puzzle and realized the variations of animal species on the Galapagos weren’t random. Instead, they prompt a strategy of pure choice, the place traits that improve survival and copy turn into extra frequent over generations. This pivotal perception grew to become a cornerstone of Darwin’s groundbreaking idea of evolution, a testomony to the inspiration he drew from the Galapagos Islands. Also learn: 27 photographs that can transport you to the Galápagos Islands
15. Amazon Rainforest: The World’s Most Biodiverse Ecosystem
The Amazon Rainforest covers an space of 6.7 million sq. kilometers, making it the most important and most various habitat on this planet – teeming with 40,000 plant species, 427 mammals and 1,300 birds plus many different creatures. As “the lungs of Earth”, this beloved ecosystem has a big position to play on the subject of regulating international local weather whereas additionally providing up potential assets for drugs. Check out: Surprising and Fun Facts About the Amazon River
Apart from offering contemporary air as a consequence of oxygen manufacturing inside these rainforests which are so necessary for our personal survival – not forgetting these a whole bunch of hundreds of animals that dwell right here as nicely! These embody anacondas, tapirs, jaguars, and piranhas simply to call just a few. All this emphasizes how very important conservation efforts in the direction of defending such a tremendous setting turn into much more essential. Read extra: What to Expect on an Amazon River Cruise – Life on the River
16. Andean Region: Home to Endangered Species
The wealthy biodiversity of South America’s western edge, the Andean area, is in peril as a consequence of a number of endangered species such because the majestic condor and uncommon tapir.
Protecting these animals and their habitats together with different flora inside this spectacular a part of the world requires conservation efforts like nationwide parks or reserves plus sustainable tourism initiatives. Without placing forth these safeguards, there may very well be devastating penalties for thus many very important creatures discovered right here on Earth’s most biodiverse continent.
17. Quirky Traditions and Culinary Delights
South America’s tradition presents a singular vary of customs and culinary delights that supply fascinating insights into the on a regular basis lives of its inhabitants. Let’s check out just a few of the extra fascinating traditions.
18. Gnocchi Day in Argentina
Celebrated on the twenty ninth of every month, Gnocchi Day in Argentina is an previous Italian custom launched by immigrants within the nineteenth century. This occasion commemorates Saint Pantaleon and acknowledges his affiliation with assuaging poverty because it hyperlinks to offering consolation meals for all who collect collectively.
On this big day, folks come collectively to take pleasure in a scrumptious plateful of gnocchi accompanied by tomato sauce and crimson wine, which not solely displays honor towards these Italians which have helped form Argentinian tradition but additionally serves up some home made pasta pleasure!
19. Guinea Pig: A South American Delicacy
In sure international locations equivalent to Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru, the guinea pig has been a conventional dish for over 5000 years. It is handled like a delicacy in these areas. Particularly served throughout particular events or festivals.
Often cooked by roasting or grilling, this meal supplies an fascinating taste that pays tribute to South America’s historical delicacies heritage. Guinea pig might sound unusual to some, nevertheless it positively brings one thing distinctive to the eating desk!
20. Doorbell-Free Homes in Paraguay
In Paraguay, a conventional technique for asserting one’s arrival at one other particular person’s residence has been handed down via many generations. Instead of doorbells, visitors categorical their presence by clapping or calling out the title they need to go to. This explicit customized offers off an environment of neighborhood and closeness whereas bringing a little bit of delightfulness into on a regular basis life on this nation.
21. South America’s Natural Resources and Contributions
South America is an enormous and various area, boasting plentiful pure assets equivalent to minerals, vitality sources, and ecosystems that generate oxygen. Gold, silver iron, and petroleum all play vital roles in each the worldwide financial system and the setting.
In view of mounting environmental points around the globe at the moment, it’s much more important for nations to protect their habitats responsibly utilizing sustainable practices, making South America’s dedication to conservation notably necessary at this juncture. Owing to its in depth reserves together with dedication in the direction of sustainability, they’re nicely positioned to turn into a pacesetter in sustainability.
22. Oxygen Production from Forests
Covering greater than a fifth of the continent’s land space, South America’s forests are an integral a part of producing over 20% of the Earth’s oxygen. These breathtakingly massive ecosystems have been credited with regulating international climates and offering properties for numerous kinds of animals.
If that doesn’t hit residence that we should proceed to guard these life-giving areas, I don’t know what’s going to. They not solely give life to our planet but additionally future generations’ well-being and vitality.
23. The abundance of Minerals and Energy Resources
South America is blessed with a plethora of minerals and vitality assets, together with gold, silver, iron ore, and petroleum. These deposits play a vital position within the economies of nations equivalent to Brazil, Chile, and Peru for his or her mineral manufacturing and Venezuela and Colombia for his or her oil reserves.
24. South America Geography
There are 12 international locations in South America and 4 territories. Brazil is the most important nation in South America housing the most important metropolis, Sao Paulo. It has a inhabitants of 21.7 million folks making it one of many largest cities on earth solely behind Tokyo, Delhi, and Shanghai.
Brazil is the most important nation in South America and it’s bordered by 9 international locations. What are stated international locations? French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, and Paraguay.
If you might be questioning, Suriname is the smallest nation in South America.
Two international locations in South America are fully landlocked, Bolivia and Paraguay.
South America is a really lengthy continent that reaches the far south of the world. In truth, the southernmost metropolis on earth is Ushuaia in Argentina. Ushuaia is a well-liked jumping-off level to discover Antarctica and the Falkland Islands.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is exclusive about South America?
South America continues to be a major attraction for vacationers and explorers, due in no small half to its fascinating magnificence. It boasts a powerful mountain chain – the Andes which stretches throughout the continent – in addition to awe-inspiring landscapes and assorted wildlife.
The range of this outstanding land attracts folks from around the globe searching for distinctive experiences. Making South America an more and more sought-after vacation spot that by no means ceases to amaze with its pure wonders.
What are the primary languages spoken in South America?
When contemplating a visit to South America, it’s helpful to study both Spanish or Portuguese as these two languages are spoken throughout the continent. Quechua, Aymara, and Guarani (which hail from numerous areas of the area) may be price exploring. Knowing some type of these indigenous dialects will definitely enrich your expertise on this various a part of the world.
What are some must-see vacationer points of interest in South America?
If you’re in search of unimaginable locations to go to in South America, then look no additional than Iguazu Falls, Machu Picchu and Rio de Janeiro. These points of interest are a must-visit on the continent!
With a lot magnificence all through this a part of the world, it may be powerful to determine the place precisely one ought to go first. These three websites will present travellers with unforgettable experiences they received’t quickly neglect. From breathtaking waterfalls that plunge down between Argentina and Argentina.
South America has a lot to captivate vacationers with its various vary of cultures, geographies, civilizations, and wildlife. From the majestic Andes Mountains proper via to the full of life streets of Sao Paulo this continent is stuffed with magnificence and can provide a fantastic deal to folks around the globe. Preserving South American heritage whereas selling cooperation may be sure that its many wonders stay for future generations to discover and take pleasure in.
South America gives an array of fascinating options. These embody Mount Aconcagua which is the best peak in South America, the Amazon River is the second longest river on this planet, the Atacama Desert is the driest place wherever on this planet; not forgetting the Atlantic Ocean shoreline’s grandeur.
Read extra fascinating details about Latin America